Running PHP CS Fixer on every commit with husky and lint-staged

| 2 min read

Last month, I wrote a post about automatically running prettier before every commit. This ensures that all JavaScript and CSS are formatted correctly before they’re stored in the project’s repository.

Husky and lint-staged have been working hard keeping our front-end assets clean as Spatie, so we decided to expand their responsibilities to keep our PHP files clean too. This is a modified version of my previous post using PHP CS Fixer instead of prettier. There’s also an example of a conmbined configuration to run prettier and PHP CS Fixer simultaneously at the end of the post.

As an aside, this is what our .php_cs file generally looks like:

<?php

$finder = PhpCsFixer\Finder::create()
    ->in(__DIR__)
    ->exclude(['bootstrap', 'storage', 'vendor'])
    ->name('*.php')
    ->name('_ide_helper')
    ->notName('*.blade.php')
    ->ignoreDotFiles(true)
    ->ignoreVCS(true);

return PhpCsFixer\Config::create()
    ->setRules([
        '@PSR2' => true,
        'array_syntax' => ['syntax' => 'short'],
        'ordered_imports' => ['sortAlgorithm' => 'alpha'],
        'no_unused_imports' => true,
    ])
    ->setFinder($finder);

Before we get started, we need to ensure our dependencies are installed:

composer require friendsofphp/php-cs-fixer

npm install husky lint-staged --save-dev

Running prettier with lint-staged

Lint-staged is an npm package that will run a script on your staged files, in other words, on the files you want to commit. You can filter the staged files you want to run the scripts on with a glob.

We’ll add the lint-staged configuration to our package.json file.

{
    "lint-staged": {
        "linters": {
            "*.php": [
                "php ./vendor/bin/php-cs-fixer fix --config .php_cs",
                "git add"
            ]
        }
    }
}

This will target all PHP files in your project. Note that the fix command will be run once per staged .php file, and will only apply to that file, which makes this process a lot faster than running php ./vendor/bin/php-cs-fixer fix over the entire project.

Git hooks with Husky

Husky is pretty straightforward. It registers some git hooks for you after npm install. The hook we care about is pre-commit: we want to format our assets before they get committed to the repository.

We’ll add the husky configuration to our package.json file.

{
    "husky": {
        "hooks": {
            "pre-commit": "lint-staged"
        }
    }
}

This will run the lint-staged command on pre-commit.

Combined with prettier

If you’re also using prettier, here’s what the combined linters configuration looks like:

{
    "lint-staged": {
        "linters": {
            "resources/**/*.{css,js}": [
                "prettier --write",
                "git add"
            ],
            "*.php": [
                "php ./vendor/bin/php-cs-fixer fix --config .php_cs",
                "git add"
            ]
        }
    }
}

It may sound odd to use an npm package to ensure PHP files stay conform to our coding standards, especially while tools like GrumPHP already exist in the PHP ecosystem. I prefer the husky + lint-staged setup because they’re not as opinionated towards a single ecosystem, and are useable throughout multiple contexts in a single project.


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