Laravel closure validation rules

Today I was looking for a way to create a custom Laravel validation rule without the overhead of a new class. The rule I needed would only be used in one place, so wanted to keep it close to (or in) the request class.

Upon re-reading the validation docs, I learned that Laravel supports closures as rules.

class JournalEntryRequest extends Request
public function rules(): array
return [
// …
'lines' => [
function (string $attribute, mixed $value, Closure $fail) {
$debit = collect($value)->where('type', 'debit')->sum('amount');
$credit = collect($value)->where('type', 'credit')->sum('amount');
if ($debit !== $credit) {
$fail("Debit and credit don't match.");
if ($debit !== 0) {
$fail("Amount must be greater than 0.");

Just what I needed!