Handling routes in a Laravel and Inertia app

| 2 min read

If you’re building an app with Laravel and Inertia, you don’t have access to Laravel’s helper methods because you’re writing views in JavaScript. This means you lose the ability to generate URLs on the fly with Laravel’s route and action helpers.

This short post outlines two ways to deal with routes in a Laravel and Inertia app.

Ziggy

The most popular way to solve this problem is with Ziggy. Ziggy is a Laravel package that shares your application’s routes with the frontend.

First install Ziggy, and add its @routes directive to your app template.

composer require tightenco/ziggy
<!doctype html>
<html>
  <!-- … -->
  <body>
    @routes
    @inertia
  </body>
</html>

After setting up Ziggy with Vue (read up on that in Ziggy’s docs), you can access the route function in your components.

<template>
  <InertiaLink :href="route('posts.index')">
    All posts
  </InertiaLink>
</template>

The route function also accepts parameters, just like Laravel’s native route helper.

<template>
  <InertiaLink :href="route('posts.show', { id: post.id })">
    {{ post.title }}
  </InertiaLink>
</template>

Ziggy depends on route names. If you rather not name all your routes and use the action helper, you’ll need to resort to the next solution.

In models or resources

Another way to share routes with your frontend is by passing them down as data in your models or Eloquent resources.

<?php

namespace App;

use App\Http\Controllers\PostsController;
use Illuminate\Database\Eloquent\Model;

class Post extends Model
{
    protected $appends = [
        'links',
    ];

    public function getLinksAttribute()
    {
        return [
            'show' => action(
                [PostsController::class, 'show'],
                $this->id
            ),
        ];
    }
}

A links property will be appended when the Post model gets serialized to JSON. You can then retrieve the URL from the post object in the frontend.

<template>
  <InertiaLink :href="post.links.show">
    {{ post.title }}
  </InertiaLink>
</template>

Not all routes are tied to a model instance, for example an index view for all posts. Routes like this can be passed down globally with Inertia::share.

<?php

namespace App\Providers;

use App\Http\Controllers\PostsController;
use Illuminate\Support\ServiceProvider;
use Inertia\Inertia;

class AppServiceProvider extends ServiceProvider
{
    public function boot()
    {
        Inertia::share('links', function () {
            return [
                'posts' => [
                    'index' => action(
                        [PostsController::class, 'show'],
                        $this->id
                    ),
                ],
            ];
        });
    }
}

You can then access the global links object on the $page attribute.

<template>
  <InertiaLink :href="$page.links.posts.index">
    All posts
  </InertiaLink>
</template>

If you don’t want to clutter up your models, Eloquent resources are a great place to declare links too.

<?php

namespace App\Http\Resources;

use App\Http\Controllers\PostsController;
use Illuminate\Http\Resources\Json\JsonResource;

class Post extends JsonResource
{
    public function toArray($request)
    {
        return [
          //
          'links' => [
              'show' => action(
                  [PostsController::class, 'show'],
                  $this->id
              ),
          ],
        ]
    }
}

At Spatie, we use resources for all data that gets passed down to views. We even created a package to reduce boilerplate when declaring links on resources.


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